“Vas” is the three month long rainy season which starts on the Essala full moon day and ends on Vap Full Moon Day. Since monks had no permanent homes, and traveled to spread the teachings of the buddha, during this time their regular practices were not possible. The Buddha realized these issues and created Vas Vassema; vas meaning rain and vaseema meaning dwelling. During this time monks resided in a home and meditated and offered their blessings to lay people. Also towards the end of the vas period they held the Pavarana ceremony which helped the monks strengthen their spirituality and purity. They also improved their teachings and commitment to Buddhism.
The “Katina” ceremony happens at the end of Vas, also known as the rain retreat. During this ceremony, people offer robes to the monks who have completed the three month period of retreat. Katina means “firm” or “solid” because the offering of the robe gives oneself very solid merit of solid karma. This Katina robe is so significant because during Vas, the monks have to be dedicated to purifying themselves through meditation and moral conduct. When this is over, the monks are worthy of offering and veneration. The robe symbolizes the dedication and success of the retreat and is given to a monk who has completed Vas.
By: Rashini Jayawardena and Kavee Dodampahala
Dhamma School – 8th Grade